Facts about Caucasian Mountain Dog

Are you unsure how to care for Caucasian Mountain Dog puppies, or just want to learn more about this breed?

Maybe you are thinking about buying a dog and want to know if this is the right breed for you?

No matter what your situation may be, you will find the answers to your questions right here!



Caucasian Mountain Dog Info and History

This breed is known by many names, including Caucasian Ovcharka and Caucasian Shepherd. It originated over 2,000 years ago in the Caucasus Mountains in the former USSR (currently Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan).

The breed was developed as a flock guardian from ancient Tibetan dogs who followed nomads who settled in the area. Lack of organized clubs and breed standards resulted in several types of these dogs, depending on their locale and how the dogs were used.

The Caucasian Mountain Dog has protected flocks of sheep for centuries. It has also been used as a fighting dog and a guard dog.

Over the years, its use as a flock guardian and herder has diminished. In the former Soviet Union, the breed was commonly used by the military and border patrol.

The breed is most popular in the countries of the former Soviet Union and is not well known in the West. But this is changing fast!

Physical Characteristics of Caucasian Mountain Dog

This is a large and powerful dog.

Its body is slightly longer than it's tall. It has a large, broad head with large and hairy drop ears, a short muzzle, a large black nose, and dark almond shaped eyes. The tail is covered with a lot of long hair.

The double coat is dense and weather-resistant. The coat can be long (on mountain dogs) or short (on steppe dogs) and comes in white, gray, fawn, cream and tan, with or without white markings.

    Height Weight
  Male 25 - 32 inches 100 - 180 pounds *
  Female 25 - 29 inches 90 - 140 pounds *

* There is no weight standard


The Caucasian Mountain Dog is a courageous, brave, and a very assertive dog.

It has a very strong guarding instinct and is very suspicious of all strangers. On the other hand, it's warm towards its family and those it knows well. It's also very protective of its family, including other pets and children, and territory.

Without proper training, the Caucasian Mountain Dog may not only be difficult to handle but may also exhibit ferociousness. It's probably the best guard dog in the world.

If there ever was a breed that would benefit from puppy socialization training, this would be the one!

Best Owner / Living Conditions

The Caucasian Ovtcharka is not a dog for beginners and it's not suited for an apartment lifestyle.

The Caucasian Mountain Dog requires not only an experienced owner but an owner who has experience with guard dogs.

These dogs prefer cooler climate.

Activity and Exercise

The Caucasian Mountain Dog is a moderately active breed.

If you have a fenced yard, your pet will enjoy running off leash. Otherwise, consider getting an electronic dog fencing. There are a lot of systems that are cheap, easy to install, and will prevent your pet from escaping an unfenced yard.

At a minimum, take your pet for several brisk walks every day.


The Caucasian Mountain Dog sheds throughout the year, with the heaviest shedding in the spring and fall.

During the shedding period, brush daily with a hard brush. Daily brushing will not only keep your pet's coat looking good but it will also speed up the shedding process.

When not shedding, the long haired type will need more brushing than a short haired type.

Bathe only when absolutely necessary.

Health Concerns

Like all dog breeds, the Caucasian Mountain Dog is susceptible to complications caused by parasites such as dog ticks, fleas, and puppy worms, including tapeworms, roundworms, and heartworms.

Other common health problems include hip and elbow dysplasia. Visit dog health problems for more information about dog diseases and health problems.

To reduce the risk of the above and many other health problems, buy only from reputable Caucasian Ovcharka breeders (visit dog breeders to learn how to identify responsible dog breeders).

No matter how small the risk of health problems is, any puppy may get sick or injured. Many health problems will require an immediate attention from your Vet, but there are many others that will not, and you may handle them on your own.

To save time and money, learn how to diagnose and treat dog health problems that don't require your Vet's attention.

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy for the Caucasian Mountain Dog is between 10 and 12 years.

Did you ever consider adopting your next pet?

If this is the breed you are interested in, and adoption appeals to you, consider contacting your local Caucasian Mountain Dog rescue. There are thousands of pets waiting for a loving home and, yes, it's possible to adopt a purebred dog.

Puppy Training

Not happy with your pet's behavior? Need help with training your dog for obedience? Then check this dog behavior and obedience training guide.

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Caucasian Mountain Dog » Dog Breeds

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