Facts about English Mastiff Puppies

Are you unsure how to care for English Mastiff puppies, or just want to learn more about this breed?

Maybe you are thinking about buying a puppy and want to know if this is the right breed for you?

No matter what your situation may be, you will find the answers to your questions right here!



Mastiff Information

This is an ancient breed whose ancestors were brought to Great Britain more than 2,000 years ago.

Exactly who brought them is not known but experts believe they were brought by Phoenician traders around 600 BC. Much later, these dogs were crossed with the Roman Molossus, brought by the invading Roman Armies. Visit Neapolitan Mastiff to learn more about mastiff history.

In ancient times, the breed had been used by Romans in blood sports of bull, lion and bear baiting, and dog fighting. It was also used for guarding and companionship.

The breed name probably evolved from the Anglo-Saxon word "masty", meaning "powerful" or Latin "massivus", meaning "massive".

Being one of the oldest breeds, it played a role in the development of many other breeds.

After Great Britain prohibited animal baiting in the mid-1800s, the breed lost its popularity and almost became extinct. By the end of WWII, only a small number of these dogs existed in Great Britain. Since then, the breed, also known as the Old English Mastiff, has been re-established and is thriving today.

The first documented appearance of the breed in the United States dates back to the early 1800s, though there is evidence to believe that the breed was introduced to this country much earlier.

Today, in addition to companionship, the breed is used for police and military work, guarding and search and rescue.

Physical Characteristics of English Mastiff Puppies

The English Bull Mastiff is a large and powerful dog.

It has a large and broad head with a short muzzle, brown eyes, and a black nose. The medium-size ears are triangular and drop down. The chest is deep and broad. The tail is long and tapers.

It has a short and smooth coat that comes in fawn, apricot, or brindle with fawn or apricot as the background colors.

This breed tends to drool and snore.

    Height Weight
  Male 30+ inches 120 to 200+ pounds *
  Female 27.5+ inches 100 to 160+ pounds *

* There is no weight standard


The English Mastiff is an intelligent, easygoing, and loyal dog with a good temperament.

It rarely barks, loves to please and needs human companionship. It's gentle with its family, including children, but can be protective when a stranger approaches its territory or its master.

The breed is naturally wary of strangers and possessive of what it considers as his. Unless provoked, it rarely attacks. Rather, it will hold intruders at bay. No wonder it's considered one of the top guard dogs in the world and does not require any protection training!

Without proper socialization, it may become too combative but socialization your dog can improve how he interacts with other dogs. For best results, be gentle and patient during training sessions. 

Best Owner / Living Conditions

This is a very adaptable dog and, despite its large size, it can adjust to an apartment lifestyle.

Be prepared to socialize your pet while he or she is still a puppy. And, because the breed enjoys human companionship, be prepared to spend time interacting with your pet.

Some English Mastiff breeders will interview prospective owners to make sure this is the right breed for them.

Activity and Exercise

This is not a very active breed. Still, it requires some moderate exercise.

Take your pet for one or two brisk walks every day.


These dogs are average shedders.

Brush once or twice a week with a firm bristle brush. Bathe only when absolutely necessary.

Health Concerns

Like all dog breeds, the Mastiff is susceptible to complications caused by parasites such as dog ticks, fleas, and puppy worms, including tapeworms, roundworms, and heartworms.

Additional health concerns include hip dysplasia and PRA. Visit dog health problems to learn more about dog diseases.

Another concern involves bloating. Try to feed your pet several smaller meals instead of one large one.

To reduce the risk of the above and many other health problems, buy only from reputable English Mastiff breeders (visit dog breeders to learn how to identify responsible dog breeders).

No matter how small the risk of health problems is, any puppy may get sick or injured. Many health problems will require an immediate attention from your Vet, but there are many others that will not, and you may handle them on your own.

To save time and money, learn how to diagnose and treat dog health problems that don't require your Vet's attention.

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy for a healthy Mastiff puppy is between 10 and 13 years.

Did you ever consider adopting your next pet?

If this is the breed you are interested in, and adoption appeals to you, consider contacting your local Mastiff rescue. There are thousands of pets waiting for a loving home and, yes, it's possible to adopt a purebred dog.

Puppy Training

Not happy with your pet's behavior? Need help with training your dog for obedience? Then check this Mastiff Behavior and Obedience Training Guide.

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