Miniature Pinscher Puppies
Information, History, Personality and More

If you love Dobermans but don't have much space or looking for a smaller breed, the Miniature Pinscher may look like a good substitute.

Boasting the same black and rust markings, many people choose this breed because of its close resemblance with Dobies.

However, contrary to what many people believe, this breed is a far cry from being a scaled-down version of a Doberman; rather, Miniature Pinscher puppies are believed to have terrier blood in them.

If you are enamored by this dog's looks, do your research well and gather as much of good Miniature Pinscher information as you can; this breed is not one of the easiest to own.

Miniature Pinscher History

Just as the Doberman, the Miniature Pinscher breed originated in Germany sometime in the 19th century. In the early days, it was used primarily for hunting vermin, mostly rats, and as a watchdog.

Some of this breed's ancestors include the Dachshund, the German pinscher and the Italian Greyhound. Ancient artifacts and paintings prove this breed to be pretty old, even older than the actual Doberman breed.

In Germany, this breed was often referred to as Zwergpinscher. The term "pinscher" was used to depict a dog purposely bred to hunt vermin or guard, whereas the term "zwerg" was used to describe a dwarf, midget-sized dog.

The real development of the Miniature Pinscher breed started in 1895 when the German Pinscher Club was first formed. During this time, the standard of the breed was written and the first specimens where shown at the Stuttgart Dog Show in 1900.

The breed was first introduced to the United States in 1919 and was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1929. Back then, Miniature Pinschers were shown under the terrier group until 1925 when the American Kennel Club recognized this breed and classified it under the toy category.

Affectionately nicknamed as Min Pins, Miniature Pinscher puppies have nowadays upgraded from being effective barnyard ratters to companion dogs.

Miniature Pinscher on the Beach

Miniature Pinscher Standard

The Miniature Pinscher presents as an elegant dog with a well-balanced, compact body. Characteristic of this breed is its elegant gait boasting a hackney-like action where the front legs are lifted very high. This impressive gait reflects the breed's spirited personality, assertiveness and fearless animation.

The body of this breed is compact and sturdy, presenting good proportions. The neck is gracefully arched and nicely connects to the rest of the body. The developed chest boasts well-sprung ribs. The back is level or slopes slightly towards the rear. The tail is set high and is docked.

Miniature Pinscher

The elbows are kept close to the body. The legs boast overall good bone structure with strong pasterns. The feet are small, almost cat-like, and present thick nails along with deep pads.

The head is well balanced with the body, featuring harmonious proportions. The eyes are oval, bright and dark. The ears are set high and may be cropped or left uncropped. The nose is strictly black except for chocolates. The teeth meet in a scissor bite.

The coat is single, with short hairs that adhere to the body. Accepted colors are red, black with rust markings and chocolate with rust markings.

Some breeders may selectively breed for specific color coats. The blue Miniature Pinscher and the red Miniature Pinscher are some examples.

    Height Weight
  Male 10 to 12.5 inches 8 to 10 pounds
  Female 10 to 12.5 inches 8 to 10 pounds


There is a good reason why people refer to miniature pinscher dogs as the "Kings of the Toys". This breed seems to be totally unaware of his size; indeed, it boasts a dynamite personality delivered in a small package. But don't be fooled by a min pin's fragile looks: this breed has strong will power and a strong desire to rule the roost when given the opportunity.

Training and early socialization is not an option with this breed; rather, it's a must. This breed is curious and will investigate anything that captures its attention. Make sure you keep an eye on this dog at all times, and if you are unable to supervise him closely, invest in a crate to keep him safe and out of trouble.

Two Miniature Pinscher Dogs

Min pins make excellent watch dogs. They are territorial, aloof and suspicious of strangers, and are also fearless when they are faced with a threat.

Early and ongoing socialization will help develop a sound temperament and prevent this breed from developing problematic behaviors such as excessive timidity and extreme suspiciousness. Both traits can lead to defensive biting.

Due to the breed's small size and big attitude, they fare best with older children who know how to handle and respect a dog. Small children may easily harm miniature pinscher puppies. Older dogs may not tolerate any teasing and may feel overwhelmed by a child's erratic movements and loud voices. Some specimens can be quite possessive of food, toys and sleeping places.

When socialized early, min pins tend to get along with other canines and other types of pets. You may witness though an occasional squabble due to this breed's dominant nature. However, their past as ratters may resurface when exposed to small pets perceived as prey.

Best Owner and Living Conditions

Despite the petite size, this breed is definitively not for first-time dog owners. Many owners find this breed's behaviors exasperating and are unable to keep up with the constant need for supervision, leadership and exercise. The best owner must also be able to put up with the challenges of housetraining Miniature Pinscher puppies, which are not one of the easiest breeds to potty train.

Due to this breed's investigative nature, the best home is one that is carefully "baby proofed" and safe. An unattended min pin transforms into a "Hoover dog" capable of ingesting the smallest items such as coins, pills and bottle caps. Also, because Miniature Pinscher puppies are known as escape artists with a "Houdini reputation", they should never be left unattended or off leash. A fenced yard is a must. And don't expect your untrained min pin to come back to you when called; this breed is famous for being oblivious to your calling.

Due to their small size, min pins can make good apartment dwellers; however, some may be prone to intense bouts of barking.

Activity and Exercise

Don't be fooled by this breed's petite size; this breed is a far cry from a lazy lap dog. Many owners describe this dog as a ball of energy.

To keep your pooch happy and healthy, make sure he gets to enjoy several brisk walking and play sessions every day. Fail to provide enough exercise and mental stimulation, and you may deal with destructive behaviors and relentless yapping.

The saying "an idle mind is a devil's workshop" accurately depicts this breed's predisposition for trouble. When tired though, the saying "a tired dog is a good dog" comes close to true and your min pin may ultimately become a loyal resident of your lap.

Miniature Pinscher Sniffing Grass


The Miniature Pinscher is an average shedder. When it comes to grooming, this breed is very easy to care for. Brush with a firm bristle brush to remove loose hair. Alternatively, you can remove the hair by wiping with a damp cloth. Bathe or dry shampoo when necessary.

Equipped with a short coat, Miniature Pinscher dogs can get cold easily in the winter. Make sure to add a comfy sweater to his wardrobe.

Health Concerns

From a health standpoint, a lot of research should be carried out before purchasing Miniature Pinscher puppies. Look for reputable Miniature Pinscher breeders who health test their specimens for genetic disorders.

Heritable conditions common in this breed include progressive retinal atrophy, slipped stifles, epilepsy and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.

Visit dog health problems to learn more about dog diseases and health care.

Even healthy dogs get sick. While many health problems will require an immediate attention from your Vet, there are many others that you may handle on your own. Learn how to save time and money (and how to prevent small problems from becoming big problems) by diagnosing and treating dog health problems that don't require your Vet's attention.

Miniature Pinscher Puppies

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy for healthy Miniature Pinscher puppies is between 13 and 16 years.

Keep in Mind...

When looking for Miniature Pinscher puppies, be wary of any misleading advertisements. Despite this breed's looks, there is no such thing as a Miniature Doberman Pinscher.

Also, be wary of teacup and toy Miniature Pinscher puppies. These puppies do not adhere to the breed standard and are poorly bred and undersized imitations of the real breed.

Final Thoughts...

As seen, miniature pinscher puppies can be a handful. Owners who purchase a min pin without a clear understanding of what goes into owning one, often end up regretting their choice. However, if you feel like you are up to the challenge and think you have what it takes, miniature pinscher puppies may ultimately be the right breed for you.

Did you ever consider adopting your next pet?

If this is the breed you are interested in, and adoption appeals to you, consider contacting your local Miniature Pinscher rescue. There are thousands of pets waiting for a loving home and, yes, it's possible to adopt a purebred dog.

Related Articles

You may also wish to explore the following articles:

Want to learn more?

Puppy Training

Not happy with your pet's behavior? Need help with training your dog for obedience? Then check this dog behavior and obedience training guide.


Find this article interesting? I'd love to hear your thoughts in the comments, and as always, your +1's, Shares, Facebook likes and retweets are appreciated.



Search this site or click here to search the Web


Miniature Pinscher Puppies » Dog Breeds

Association of Pet Dog Trainers - Dog Training Professionals Member#: 73641
Puppy Rescue Adoption in your Area
Puppy Rescue Adoption in your Area

Featured Article

Puppy Training

Easy Guide to Crate Training your Puppy

"As a new puppy owner, you may be interested in learning the many benefits of crate training your puppy. When introduced properly, the crate will likely become your puppy's..."
...continue reading