Facts about Newfoundland Puppies

Are you unsure how to care for Newfoundland puppies, or just want to learn more about this breed?

Maybe you are thinking about buying a dog and want to know if this is the right breed for you?

No matter what your situation may be, you will find the answers to your questions right here!



Newfoundland Information and History

This breed was developed in Canada but the rest of its history is cloudy.

Some believe it was developed from the Great Pyrenees brought to the coast of Newfoundland by the Basque fishermen. Others believe it's a close relative of the Labrador Retriever. Finally, some believe the breed is descended from the big black bear dogs introduced by the Vikings more than 1,000 years ago.

There are many more theories about the origins of the breed, but what everyone agrees on is that it is descended from dogs brought to Canada from the European continent.

As the breed was being developed, it found wide use aiding fishermen by pulling nets. It was also used extensively to pull lumber and other heavy materials and equipment.

In addition to the above uses, the breed was, and still is, an excellent water rescue dog. Many people owe their lives to these dogs. While the technology has limited the need to use them for water rescue, their instinct to rescue did not diminish.

Today, the breed is used mostly for companionship. Some of its other uses are guarding, weight pulling and water trials competitions.

Physical Characteristics of Newfoundland Dogs

This is a large and powerful dog.

It has a very broad head with a large muzzle, small dark eyes, and small drop ears. The nose is usually black. The feet are webbed for more efficient swimming. The tail is long and hangs down when the dog is relaxed.

It has a double coat with short, dense and oily undercoat, and a wavy, water repelling outer coat. The coat comes in black (the most common), brown or gray.

    Height Weight
  Male 26 - 29 inches 130 - 150 pounds
  Female 25 - 27 inches 100 - 120 pounds


The Newfie is an intelligent, loyal and good natured dog.

It loves human company, is gentle with its family and strangers alike, and loves children. Protective but not aggressive, rather than attacking an intruder, a Newfoundland dog will keep him at bay.

It's good with other dogs and pets as long as they don't threaten him. Puppy socialization training is not as important as with some other breeds but is still recommended.

To achieve the best results when training your pet, be calm, confident and consistent.

It loves all water activities and has a natural instinct to save swimmers, whether they need to be saved or not!

Best Owner / Living Conditions

It will do best with a calm and easy-going owner living in a cool climate (the breed is sensitive to heat).

Some Newfoundland dog breeders will interview prospective owners to make sure this is the right breed for them.

Activity and Exercise

The Newfoundland is not one of the most active breeds!

One or two walks per day will be enough to keep it in shape.

If you live near a lake, river or an ocean, or have a swimming pool, your pet can get all the exercise it needs from swimming. Always supervise your pet or he may try saving swimmers!

Despite their large size, these dogs can adjust to an apartment lifestyle as long as they get enough exercise.


A Newfoundland dog shades his undercoat twice a year -- in the spring and fall. The heaviest shedding occurs in the spring.

During the shedding period, brush daily with a hard brush. Daily brushing will not only keep your pet's coat looking good but it will also speed up the shedding process. When not shedding, brushing at least 2 to 3 times per week will be enough.

Bathing strips away natural skin and coat oils, so bathe only when it's absolutely necessary. You can use dry shampoo instead of bathing.

Health Concerns

Like all dog breeds, the Newfoundland is susceptible to complications caused by parasites such as dog ticks, fleas, and puppy worms, including tapeworms, roundworms, and heartworms.

Additional health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, skin problems, hereditary heart disease, and hypothyroidism. Visit dog health problems to learn more about dog diseases.

To reduce the risk of the above and many other health problems, buy only from reputable Newfoundland dog breeders (visit dog breeders to learn how to identify responsible dog breeders).

No matter how small the risk of health problems is, any puppy may get sick or injured. Many health problems will require an immediate attention from your Vet, but there are many others that will not, and you may handle them on your own.

To save time and money, learn how to diagnose and treat dog health problems that don't require your Vet's attention.

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy for a healthy Newfoundland dog is between 8 and 12 years.

Did you ever consider adopting your next pet?

If this is the breed you are interested in, and adoption appeals to you, consider contacting your local Newfoundland rescue. There are thousands of pets waiting for a loving home and, yes, it's possible to adopt a purebred dog.

Puppy Training

Not happy with your pet's behavior? Need help with training your dog for obedience? Then check this Newfoundland Behavior and Obedience Training Guide.

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Newfoundland Puppies » Dog Breeds

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