Samoyed Puppy
Information, Behavior, Training and More

A cuddly Samoyed puppy can easily be mistaken for a precious, pure white teddy bear. However, as cute as this breed can be, it shouldn't be treated as the average lap dog.

Also known as Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya, Laika or Sammy, Samoyeds need plenty of vigorous outdoor exercise and consistent leadership and training.

While this breed's striking appearance catches the eye of many, prospective dog owners should read as much Samoyed information as possible before making an impulse buy.

Whether you are thinking about buying a puppy or adopting an adult dog and want to know if this is the right breed for you or just want to learn more about this breed, I hope this article will help you find the answers to your questions.

Samoyed History

The Samoyed dog breed is an ancient breed selectively bred to hunt, herd reindeer and pull sleighs for the nomadic Samoyed people in the western Siberia.

Based on a recent DNA analysis, it was determined that the Samoyed, along with two other Northern breeds - the Siberian Husky and the Alaskan Malamute, is one of the most ancient dog breeds.

Initially known as "Bjelkiers", Samoyed dogs made great working dogs during the day and excellent companions in the evening when they were invited into their owners' homes to share activities with their family. They were also used to keep their owners warm at night.

At the end of the 19th century, Samoyeds were used to pull sledges on strenuous polar expeditions conducted out of Siberia. Only the most fit specimens survived the many hardships encountered in such voyages.

The first Samoyed was introduced in England in the late 1800s. Among famous owners of this breed are Queen Alexandra, an ardent fancier, and three famous explorers - Carsten Egeberg Borchgrevnik, Duke Hertog van Abruzzi and Frederick Jackson.

A Samoyed named Etah was a lead dog in Roald Amundsen's successful attempt to reached the South Pole in 1911.

The breed was introduced to the United States in the late 1800s and registered with the AKC in 1906. It was categorized under the working group.

White Samoyed Dog on Snow

Samoyed Breed Profile

The Samoyed is the perfect portrait of beauty, dignity and grace. With a past history of working in cold climates, the Samoyed breed boasts a thick, weather-resistant coat and the typical wolf-like appearance of Spitz dogs.

The body of the Samoyed is compact and muscular, suggesting endurance, balance and good substance. The strong, graceful neck is carried proudly in an arch when the dog is attentive. The chest presents deep, with well-sprung ribs. The muscular back is straight, leading to a moderately long tail that is typically carried over the back or side when the dog is alert.

The forelegs in this breed are straight and parallel with strong pasterns. The rear legs are well-developed, parallel when viewed from the back and overall strong. The feet boast tough, thick pads with protective hair in between the toes.

The typical "Samoyed expression" derives from this breed's combination of eyes, ears and mouth. The sparkling eyes are preferably black and almond shaped. The triangular ears are carried erect and set well apart. The nose is typically black but brown, liver or Dudley noses are acceptable. The strong teeth meet in a scissor bite.

The double coat boasts long, straight guard hairs, whereas, the undercoat is dense and soft so to keep this breed warm. Typically, the ruffs around the neck are more evident in males than in females. Accepted coat colors are pure white, cream, white and biscuit, or all biscuit.

    Height Weight
  Male 21 to 24 inches 45 to 65 pounds
  Female 19 to 21 inches 35 to 50 pounds

Also, if you are looking for a purebred Samoyed puppy, stay away from ads claiming to sell miniature or toy versions. The term miniature Samoyed puppy is most likely used to depict the American Eskimo or some Spitz or Samoyed mix, not a purebred Samoyed!

Sometimes Samoyed dogs are crossed with other breeds. The Siberian Husky Samoyed Mix is one such example.


Among the distinguishing qualities of the Samoyed dog is this breed's desire to be with its family. This devotion may derive from this breed's past use as companion dogs after a long day at work.

Beautiful Samoyed Dog

Other appealing qualities in this breed are its intelligence and friendliness.

On the down side, don't expect your Samoyed puppy to bloom into a guardian dog as he grows up. More than a deterrent, this breed is likely to be a happy greeter. At the most, expect an alert bark and that should be about it.

Despite this breed's predisposition for being friendly, make sure your Samoyed puppy receives loads of early socialization so to develop a well-rounded temperament.

This breed is good with other dogs and, generally, good with other non-canine pets. You will icreases the chances of your Samoyed getting along with a non-canine pet if you introduce them at a young age. However, keep in mind that this breed has strong hunting and chasing instincts reminiscent of its past as a hunter.

With children, the Samoyed is friendly and affectionate. Yet, as with any breed, supervision is always a must and no rough handling should be allowed.

When it comes to training, keep in mind this breed's intelligence. A Samoyed's jolly sense of humor may interfere with training. Consistent rules, rewards for good behaviors and early obedience training will help you obtain good results.

Best Owner and Living Conditions

The best Samoyed owner is an outdoorsy person capable of keeping this breed challenged with ongoing exercise and mental stimulation.

The ideal home for a Samoyed must have a securely-fenced yard. The temptation to chase small animals can be so strong that your Samoyed may try to escape if he gets a chance. Yet, don't leave your Samoyed out for too long; this is a breed that enjoys human companionship and is prone to barking. Apartment and condos are typically not suitable for this breed.

Activity and Exercise

Bred to work in cold weather, the Samoyed has loads of energy to spare. Make sure you channel it correctly. Provide ample of opportunities for vigorous outdoor exercise, preferably in cold weather. Avoid exercising your pooch enough and you may end up with boisterous, destructive behaviors.


Since this is a breed that prefers cold weather, be careful not to overdo with exercise when the weather is warm.

Samoyeds are great working companions eager to get a job done. However, you should allow your Samoyed puppy to mature before letting him to compete in canine sports such as agility or engage in other forms of exercise such as mushing or running on hard surfaces. The purpose is to avoid putting excessive strain on a Samoyed puppy's joints that are vulnerable until the puppy is around the age of two.

White Samoyed Dog Staring at Camera

Grooming your Samoyed

Yes, a Samoyed puppy will shed, and a whole lot too. The term "blowing the coat" is all too familiar among Samoyed owners. About twice a year, expect to see lots of stray hairs on your couch, rugs, carpets and clothes. Thankfully, a good vacuum and loads of lint rollers will help reduce the problem. To speed up the shedding process and prevent matting, brush daily.

As much as shedding sounds like trouble, consider that many people have successfully used the hairs and spun them into some wonderful woven or knitted clothing!

Because its coat is semi-waterproof, bathing a Samoyed dog is a time-consuming affair. When rinsing, make sure to get all shampoo out. That will prevent allergic reactions and fungal infections. It's also a good idea to dry his coat with a blow dryer.

Health Concerns

This breed is generally healthy but may be prone to some hereditary and non-hereditary disorders. Diabetes mellitus, progressive retinal atrophy, pulmonary stenosis and hip dysplasia are a few health problems seen in Samoyed puppies and dogs. In particular, a renal disease known as Samoyed hereditary glomerulopathy may affect this breed.

Visit dog health problems to learn more about dog diseases and health care.

Interested in adopting healthy Samoyed pups? Make sure you look for reputable Samoyed breeders, such as White Gold Samoyeds, who health test their studs and dams.

Even healthy dogs get sick. While many health problems will require an immediate attention from your Vet, there are many others that you may handle on your own. Learn how to save time and money (and how to prevent small problems from becoming big problems) by diagnosing and treating dog health problems that don't require your Vet's attention.

Samoyed Puppy

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy for a healthy Samoyed puppy is between 12 and 15 years.

Final Thoughts...

Whether you are looking for a show prospect Samoyed puppy or simply a new best friend, your best bet is to take your time in finding a good breeder. If you are not intimidated by this breed's needs for exercise and heavy shedding, then you may be ready to share your home with a precious Samoyed puppy.

Did you ever consider adopting your next pet?

If this is the breed you are interested in, and adoption appeals to you, consider contacting your local Samoyed dog rescue and adoption center. There are thousands of pets waiting for a loving home and, yes, it's possible to adopt a purebred dog.

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Not happy with your pet's behavior? Need help with training your dog for obedience? Then check this dog behavior and obedience training guide.


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