Welsh Terrier Puppy Facts

Did you just bring home a new Welsh Terrier puppy and want to learn more about the breed?

Maybe you are thinking about buying a puppy and want to know if this is the right breed of dog for you and your family?

No matter what your situation may be, you will find the answers to your questions right here!



Breed History

This is one of the older terrier breeds. It originated in Wales at least couple of hundred years ago and used to be known as the Old English Terrier or Black-and-Tan Wire Haired Terrier.

Welsh Terriers, along with hounds, were used to hunt fox, otter, badger, and other vermin. Their job was to complete the hunt by going underground and flushing out the prey.

Since the early days, the Welsh Terrier, or simply Welshie, has not changed much if at all -- the modern breed closely resembles dogs depicted in early paintings and prints. His coloring is the same as it was in the beginning and he is still extensively used in his native Wales for hunting.

It was first shown as a distinct breed in Great Britain in 1884 and in 1888 Prescott Lawrence brought the first pair of Welsh Terriers to the United States. These dogs were shown at the old Madison Square Garden in the Miscellaneous Class.

Physical Characteristics of Welsh Terrier Puppies

This is a medium size dog that looks like a miniature version of the Airedale Terrier.

It has a rectangular head with a long muzzle, black nose, and bushy eyebrows, mustache and beard. The small, V-shaped ears fold forward. The eyes are dark brown and almond-shaped.

The Welsh Terrier has a sturdy body with a moderately wide chest and moderately long neck. The tail is usually docked at birth to length meant to complete the image of a "square dog" approximately as high as he is long.

The front legs are straight and muscular. The back legs are muscular and strong. Both, the front and back feet are small, round, and catlike. The pads are thick and black.

The coat consists of hard, wiry and dense outer coat and soft undercoat. The "jacket" (sides, back, tail, and neck) is black and the rest of the body is tan. What's interesting is that puppies are born almost entirely black. As they grow older, the extremities lighten gradually.

    Height Weight
  Male 15 inches 20 - 22 pounds
  Female 15 inches 20 - 22 pounds


The Welsh Terrier is an intelligent, friendly and fun loving dog. He is loyal and devoted to his family, not as hot-tempered as some other terrier breeds and is patient with small children. His loving personality will make him an excellent family pet.

Like other terriers, the Welsh Terrier can be independent and try to make his own rules. Despite being smart and knowing what you expect from him, unless you are assertive and behave like a leader, you will have hard time training you pet. Consistency and variety will make training sessions more fun and productive.

They like to chase cats, squirrels and other fast moving animals and, if chasing someone, will most likely ignore your call to stop and come to you. They can also become aggressive towards other dogs. Socializing your dog while he is young will help but you still should never leave your pet off leash in an unprotected area.

The Welsh Terrier may exhibit possessiveness over objects and even family members. With the right training, he can become a good watchdog.

Welsh Terriers like to swim and, like other terrier breeds, love to dig. They can also be a bit territorial.

Best Owner / Living Conditions

This breed is best suited for an active family.

It can adjust to an apartment lifestyle if you provide it with enough exercise but it will best if you have a fenced yard where it can play.

Some Welsh Terrier breeders may interview prospective owners to make sure this is the right breed for them.

Activity and Exercise

The Welsh Terrier is an active and tireless breed that needs lots of exercise to stay physically and mentally sharp.

It loves to play (ball, fetch, etc.) and run off leash but because it will chase anything that moves, never let your pet off leash in an unprotected area. If you are into jogging, you can take your pet along.

At a minimum, take your pet for several long walks every day.


The Welsh Terrier sheds little to no hair and its grooming requirements are similar to those of the Airedale... 

Brush several times a week to remove dead hair and undercoat. A haircut or stripping four to five times a year will minimize shedding.  If you plan to cut the hair yourself, your job will be much easier if you bathe and dry your pet before you begin clipping.

The beard needs to be washed at least once a day to remove food residue.

Health Concerns

Like all dog breeds, Welsh Terriers are susceptible to complications caused by internal and external parasites such as ticks, fleas, and worms.

Other health concerns include eye problems, skin allergies, epilepsy, and thyroid problems. For more information about dog diseases and health, visit dog health problems.

Buy only from reputable Welsh Terrier breeders to reduce the risk of the above and many other health problems (visit dog breeders to learn how to identify responsible dog breeders).

No matter how small the risk of health problems is, any puppy may get sick or injured. Many health problems will require an immediate attention from your Vet, but there are many others that will not, and you may handle them on your own.

To save time and money, learn how to diagnose and treat dog health problems that don't require your Vet's attention.

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy for Welsh Terrier puppies is between 10 and 12 years.

Did you ever consider adopting your next pet?

If this is the breed you are interested in, and adoption appeals to you, consider contacting your local Welsh Terrier rescue. There are thousands of pets waiting for a loving home and, yes, it's possible to adopt a purebred dog.

Puppy Training

Not happy with your pet's behavior? Need help with training your dog for obedience? Then check this dog behavior and obedience training guide.

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