Yorkshire Terrier Puppies
History, Characteristics, Personality and More

Yorkshire terrier puppies, also known as Yorkies and broken-haired Scotch terriers, are blessed with big personalities offered in small, easy-to-carry packages.

This portable black and tan breed certainly has its own charm and seems to be well aware of it.

There are many reasons why many people decide to open their heart and homes to this pampered pooch.

It also comes as no surprise why this breed is one of the most popular among dog owners, according to statistics set by the American Kennel Club registries.

Whether you are thinking about buying a puppy and want to know if this is the right breed for you or just want to learn more about this breed, you will find the answers to your questions right here!

Breed History

The Yorkshire terrier was developed in the 19th century in the historic county of Yorkshire, England.

Its ancestors are believed to be the now extinct Clydesdale terrier and Paisley terrier, along with the Skye terrier and the Airedale terrier from Scotland.  

The breed, originally known as the Scotch Terrier, acquired its modern name in 1870 after Angus Sutherland (a reporter for The Field magazine) wrote that "they ought no longer be called Scotch Terriers, but Yorkshire Terriers for having been so improved there."

Overall, this breed has had a humble past, being extensively used in textile mills, factories and coal mines for the purpose of keeping the vermin population under control. The workers at that time often jokingly commented about the breed's silky coat being the result of their weaving devices.

Later on, the breed was no longer used for work; indeed, this pampered pooch was upgraded to lap warmer and canine companion for many wealthy families.

Yorkies were first introduced to the United States in 1872 and were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.

Yorkshire Terrier

Physical Characteristics of Yorkshire Terrier Puppies

Yorkshire terriers boast a well-proportioned body. The terrier heritage glows in this breed through the intelligent, vivacious expression, lively gait and confident carriage of the head.

Yorkies are equipped with a very compact, short body. They have good proportions with a level back line and the height at the shoulders matching the height at the rump. The chest area should be of a rich, tan color. Neck is of moderate length. The tail is customarily docked to medium length and typically carried a bit higher than the back.


Something important to keep in mind is that there is no such breed as a Teacup Yorkie. Unlike some other breeds that come in "miniature", "standard" and "toy" sizes, there is no such classification as a "teacup".

Teacup Yorkies are basically unusually tiny specimens of Yorkshire terriers weighing between 2 and 4 pounds. Some breeders may ever cross their breeding stock with other purebred dogs to produce smaller specimens. A good example of such downsizing is a Yorkie Chihuahua mix.

Reputable breeders do not purposely breed teacup puppies for the simple fact that they are prone to major health problems and do not adhere to the breed standard.

Forelegs and hind legs are straight. The elbows should not be in or out, but the stifles present slightly bent when viewed from the side. Feet are round and equipped with black toenails. Dewclaws may be removed from the forelegs and hind legs.

The Yorkshire head presents a skull that is flat on the top and typically not too round. The muzzle should not be too long. The bite should boast a scissor bite or level bite, but never an overshot or undershot bite. The nose is black and the eyes are sparkling black. Ears are small, kept upright and V-shaped.

The single coat boasts a glossy and silky texture with straight hair. This moderately long hair is often trimmed to the floor to facilitate movement. The headfall is long with a rich tan color that deepens in hue at the sides. The color of the coat is dark steel-blue and tan. Yorkshire terrier puppies are born with a dark black and tan coat that changes as the puppy blooms into an adult.

This breed is categorized by the American Kennel Club under the toy group.

    Height Weight
  Male 9 to 10.5 inches 3 to 7 pounds
  Female 8.5 to 10 inches 3 to 7 pounds


Yorkies are curious, lively dogs eager to embrace any adventure that comes their way. They can often be observed trotting around merrily checking things out. They may have a bold and stubborn streak, courtesy of their terrier heritage. Expect this breed to be easy to sound the alarm with its high-pitched voice.

Yorkie Picture

While most Yorkies are outgoing creatures, some may be a bit standoffish and aloof towards strangers. To help Yorkshire terrier puppies grow into stable dogs with sound temperaments, it is critical to provide sufficient socialization training.

This breed generally gets along well with other animals, but the Yorkie's past as a ratter may come alive the moment he sees a hamster or Guinea pig.

While generally friendly towards other dogs, a Yorkie, as many other small breeds, is prone to developing a "Napoleon Complex" and can easily try to take on a bigger dog. The big dog, however, will most likely see this fine-boned, yappy breed as a tempting delicacy!

Yorkshire terrier puppies and adults require close supervision with children. Very young children, no matter how well-meaning, may easily injure this breed. The erratic movements and high-pitched voices of young children may cause stress in some nervous or fearful specimens and may lead to a defensive bite.

Best Owner and Living Conditions

The ideal Yorkie owner must be aware of this breed's fragility. Accidentally stepping on this breed or sitting on it can be disastrous. This breed should also always be leashed for safety purposes.

Loads of patience may be needed when raising Yorkshire terrier puppies. This breed is one of the most challenging to house train. Both Yorkshire terrier puppies and adults hate cold and rain, so they may be reluctant to go potty outdoors in these adverse weather conditions. An indoor potty area such as a dog litter box may be an ideal option.

This breed does best with an owner who has loads of time to dedicate to this pampered pooch. Yorkies always want to be with their owners, so leaving them alone for extended periods of time inside or outside the home is not an option.

On the other hand, spoiling this breed with excessive pampering may lead to a "neurotic beauty queen" syndrome. To avoid this, the ideal owner should be capable of doling out attention without overdoing it.

Due to their small size and fragile bones, Yorkies thrive when they share the home with adults and older children. Young children may easily injure this dog or stress it out.

A Yorkshire terrier puppy or adult dog can live virtually anywhere: in an apartment, on a farm or in a condo. Just keep in mind that they do not like to be left alone, so they may protest and bark, which may potentially become a problem if you live with close neighbors. With a good "hush" command these fellows may quickly learn to be quiet.

Keeping this breed outdoors should be out of question. This breed seeks human companionship and does not do well in cold climates.

Activity and Exercise

Yorkies are balls of energy that love to play and keep busy. Owners of these dogs must remember that despite its looks, this breed has a working background. Digging, chasing and exploring the yard will keep these little dogs stimulated.

Make sure the yard is fenced; in the rush of chasing an animal, your Yorkie will not care about incoming traffic or that big Doberman living across the road!

A brisk walk each day will keep Yorkshire terriers happy and healthy. The great thing about this breed is that it is quite capable of adjusting to the activity levels of its owners. However, obviously this breed is happier when offered opportunities to romp around and play.

Cute Yorkie Picture


Because Yorkies have hair rather than fur and lack an undercoat, they tend to shed less than other breeds. This makes them a good candidate for families with allergy sufferers.

However, Yorkies can easily become a matted mess if the owners cannot commit to routine combing and brushing sessions. If there is little time on hand, some people prefer to keep the Yorkie in a "puppy cut". This way, Yorkies are very easy to maintain and they preserve a hard to resist puppy-like look.

Health Concerns

From a health standpoint, Yorkies, as many other small breeds, are prone to collapsing tracheas. To prevent this type of neck injury, it is best to invest in a harness instead of a collar.

Other health concerns include a severe liver disease known as liver shunt, low blood sugar, knee problems and a congenital eye disorder known as progressive retinal atrophy.

Visit dog health problems to learn more about dog diseases and health care.

To reduce the chances for hereditary problems, it helps to purchase Yorkshire terrier puppies from reputable Yorkshire terrier breeders.

Even healthy dogs get sick. While many health problems will require an immediate attention from your Vet, there are many others that you may handle on your own. Learn how to save time and money (and how to prevent small problems from becoming big problems) by diagnosing and treating dog health problems that don't require your Vet's attention.

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy for healthy Yorkshire terrier puppies is between 12 and 15 years.

Final Thoughts...

Don't be fooled by this breed's looks. They may look like loving lap warmers but they ultimately come from a working-class background.

Yorkshire terriers can be at times determined, feisty and stubborn beings, but they are also affectionate, good-natured dogs equipped with a remarkable "joie de vivre". This combination of qualities is ultimately what makes owning Yorkshire terrier puppies so rewarding and fulfilling.

Did you ever consider adopting your next pet?

If this is the breed you are interested in, and adoption appeals to you, consider contacting your local Yorkshire terrier puppy rescue. There are thousands of pets waiting for a loving home and, yes, it's possible to adopt a purebred dog.

Related Articles

You may also wish to explore the following articles:

Want to learn more?

Puppy Training

Not happy with your pet's behavior? Need help with training your dog for obedience? If you answered "YES", then check this Yorkshire Terrier Behavior and Obedience Training Guide.


Find this article interesting? I'd love to hear your thoughts in the comments, and as always, your +1's, Shares, Facebook likes and retweets are appreciated.



Search this site or click here to search the Web


Yorkshire Terrier Puppies »  Dog Breeds

Association of Pet Dog Trainers - Dog Training Professionals Member#: 73641
Puppy Rescue Adoption in your Area
Puppy Rescue Adoption in your Area

Featured Article

Puppy Training

Benefits of Clicker Training Dogs and Puppies

"There is no shadow of doubt that dog clicker training has become quite a fast-growing trend among dog owners and dog trainers eager to..."
...continue reading