Facts about German Shepherd Puppies

Are you unsure how to care for German Shepherd puppies, or just want to learn more about the breed?

Maybe you are thinking about buying a dog and want to know if this is the right breed for you?

No matter what your situation may be, you will find the answers to your questions right here!



Breed History

The breed, also known as Alsatian (mostly in Europe) or simply GSD, originated in Germany and is fairly new.

It was created in early 1900s to herd sheep, but is most known for its military and police work. But its use doesn't stop there - it's commonly used in search and rescue operations, guarding, therapy and even as a guide dog for the blind.

Today, it's one of the most popular breeds in the world.

Physical Characteristics of German Shepherd Puppies

This is a large and powerful dog. It has a body that is longer than it is tall, a long neck, almond-shaped eyes and large, upright ears. Its back slopes down towards a bushy and slightly curved tail.

It has a double coat that consists of a full, medium length outer coat and shorter and very dense undercoat.

The coat comes in a variety of colors, with a combination of black and tan the most common. Common, but more rare, is a black German Shepherd. Even rarer is a solid white German Shepherd (dogs with solid white coats are automatic disqualification from competitions).

    Height Weight
  Male 24 to 26 inches 70 to 110 pounds
  Female 22 to 24 inches 60 to 95 pounds

  German Shepherd Dog Pictures  


The GSD is one of the most intelligent breeds and is highly trainable.

It's very affectionate with its family and those it knows but can be reserved with strangers. It's good with most animals and loves children. This is a breed that craves for and should not be denied human contact.

At the same time, it has a very strong protective instinct and will fight to defend its house and family. Socializing your dog while he is still young is highly recommended to prevent over-guarding.

Best Owner / Living Conditions

The GSD is highly adaptable and will do fine in an apartment. It's fairly active and requires an active owner.

Some German Shepherd breeders may interview prospective owners to make sure this is the right breed for them.

German Shepherd Dog Pictures
German Shepherd Dog Pictures

Activity and Exercise

Without enough exercise, the German Shepherd may become destructive and edgy.

If you have a large, fenced yard, he can get plenty of exercise by playing outdoors. You can also take him along on your daily jog or a bicycle ride.

At a minimum, take him for one or two daily walks.


The GSD sheds throughout the year, so daily brushing is recommended. Bathe only when necessary.

Health Concerns

Like all dog breeds, the German Shepherd is susceptible to complications caused by parasites such as dog ticks, fleas, and puppy worms, including tapeworms, roundworms, and heartworms.

Additional health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, epilepsy, and digestive problems, particularly bloating. Visit dog health problems to learn more about dog diseases and health care.

To reduce the risk of the above and many other health problems, buy only from reputable German Shepherd breeders (visit dog breeders to learn how to identify responsible dog breeders).

No matter how small the risk of health problems is, any puppy may get sick or injured. Many health problems will require an immediate attention from your Vet, but there are many others that will not, and you may handle them on your own.

To save time and money, learn how to diagnose and treat dog health problems that don't require your Vet's attention.

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy is between 10 and 12 years.

Did you ever consider adopting your next pet?

If this is the breed you are interested in, and adoption appeals to you, consider contacting your local German Shepherd rescue. There are thousands of pets waiting for a loving home and, yes, it's possible to adopt a purebred dog.

Puppy Training

Not happy with your pet's behavior? Need help with training your dog for obedience? Then check this German Shepherd Behavior and Obedience Training Guide.

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German Shepherd Puppies » Dog Breeds

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